How Elementary School Teachers’ Biases Can Discourage Girls From Math and Science
In math, the girls outscored the boys in the exam graded anonymously, but the boys outscored the girls when graded by teachers who knew their names.
The boys who had been encouraged when they were younger performed significantly better. The girls who had been discouraged by their elementary schoolteachers were much less likely than the boys to take advanced courses.
The researchers also found that discouragement from teachers in math or science wound up lowering students’ confidence in other subjects at school, showing again the potential importance of nods of encouragement.
New York Times